Government unveils $230m cybersecurity strategy to combat overseas hackers

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull has declared war on cyber invasion, confirming the government could launch offensive attacks to deter foreign online espionage.

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He did so in unveiling Australia’s $230 million cybersecurity strategy, which focuses on closer collaboration with business.

The move comes as the government confirmed reports the Bureau of Meteorology and Department of Parliamentary Services have been targets of malicious cyberattacks in recent years.

Foreign Minister Julie Bishop told reporters on the NSW South Coast the BOM attack was under investigation.

Mr Turnbull said an offensive cyber capability provided an option for the government to respond, but would be subject to “stringent” legal oversight.

“Some intrusions are the work of foreign adversaries, others involve malicious software,” he said at the strategy launch in Sydney on Thursday.

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“The scale and rate of compromise is increasing.”

The government would work with other nations to shut down safe havens for criminal and terrorist organisations.

Unexplained cyberattacks could escalate into war between countries, Mr Turnbull said.

The Australian Crime Commission estimated the cost to the economy of cybercrime was about $1 billion each year, while other assessments put it closer to $17 billion.

Many people would have no idea they’d been targeted by cyber criminals.

“Now as your prime minister, my highest duty and that of my government is to keep Australians safe,” Mr Turnbull said.

“It is no different in cyberspace.”

The strategy’s centrepiece involves sharing threat information between business and government, using the existing Australian Cyber Security Centre and new portals in capital cities.

The centre will be relocated from Australia’s spy building in Canberra to a more accessible venue.

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The prime minister will convene annual meetings with business leaders.

The strategy, the first since 2009, took 18 months to develop and will create about 100 jobs – most of which will be highly specialised.

Mr Turnbull announced the new role of cyber ambassador and will appoint a minister assisting him on cybersecurity.

The strategy sits alongside $400 million outlined in the Defence blueprint for cyber activities.

While agencies don’t believe there’s yet been a serious cyberattack – which is defined as compromising national security – there are thousands of intrusions every year.

They range from theft of intellectual property to illegally modifying data to seeking ransom to unlock a computer affected by malicious software.

“We must safeguard against criminality, espionage, sabotage and unfair competition online,” Mr Turnbull said.

About $190 million allocated to the strategy was new money, with the remaining funds coming from the Innovation and Science Agenda.

It included an education program to raise awareness of cyber intrusions.

Syrian peace talks in quagmire

Syria’s fragile peace talks might not resume for at least a year if they are abandoned now, a senior Western diplomat has warned, as the opposition urged more military support for rebels after declaring a truce was over.

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Intense fighting has left Syria’s partial ceasefire in tatters. The truce was brokered by the US and Russia to pave the way for the first peace talks attended by rebel factions since the crisis began five years ago.

Those talks, taking place under UN auspices in Geneva, also appear to have collapsed this week. The opposition says it has called a “pause” to negotiations, although it is reluctant to accept blame for the collapse by walking out altogether.

“If this ends now, it will be over for at least a year …. The Russians will steamroll – taking advantage of a US vacuum,” the Western diplomat said, referring to fears Washington will be preoccupied by November’s US presidential election.

“There will be three million more refugees and thousands more dead,” said the diplomat, who declined to be identified while describing a scenario world powers still hope to avoid.

“If we all leave Geneva, I don’t see the process continuing.”

Damascus negotiators say the presidency of Bashar al-Assad is non-negotiable while the opposition sees removal of the president as a prerequisite and complains of no progress on an end to violence, humanitarian access and political detainees.

The Geneva talks aim to end a war that has killed more than 250,000 people, created the world’s worst refugee crisis, allowed for the rise of the Islamic State group, and drawn in regional and major powers. Russia’s intervention in the conflict beginning late last year has swayed the war in Assad’s favour.

The already widely violated truce began fraying more quickly some two weeks ago near Aleppo, where the Syrian army accused rebel groups of taking part in assaults by Islamists who are not covered by the ceasefire. Rebels say they were defending themselves from attacks by the army and its Shi’ite militia allies.

A total collapse of the Geneva talks would leave a diplomatic vacuum that could allow a further escalation of the war that is being fuelled by rivalries between foreign powers including oil producers Iran and Saudi Arabia.

Seeking to ease that rivalry, US President Barack Obama met Saudi Arabia’s King Salman on a visit to Riyadh on Wednesday and discussed the need to reinforce the partial truce in Syria and support a transition from Assad’s rule.

France said it would consider with other European powers and the US on Monday the idea of convening a ministerial meeting of major powers in the next two weeks to work out the next steps for Syria.

As fighting raged and air strikes on rebel-held areas intensified, the opposition urged foreign states to supply them with the means to defend themselves, a thinly veiled reference to the anti-aircraft weapons long sought by insurgents.

Anas Al Abde, president of the Turkey-based opposition Syrian National Coalition, said the Geneva talks were “futile” and there was no hope in discussing political transition.

Speaking in Istanbul, he urged “qualitative support” for rebel groups, and said the solution must be a “political-military” one.

On Wednesday experts were meeting in Geneva but the opposition’s Riad Hijab, chief co-ordinator of the Saudi-backed High Negotiations Committee, had quit the talks with senior delegates while de Mistura had left for personal reasons.

About half of the HNC delegation remained.

The Syrian government negotiator Bashar Ja’afari poured contempt on the opposition for its partial walkout, accusing it of sulking and political immaturity.

“By leaving they may be taking away a major obstacle that will allow us to reach a solution,” he told reporters.

The US State department rejected that view. “We do not believe that the way forward is any removal by the opposition from these talks. In fact, quite the opposite,” spokesman John Kirby said in Washington.

Kirby called on the government delegation to explain what it meant by its proposed broad-based government of national unity.

System let Vic murder victim down: Coroner

The victim of a murder-suicide at the hands of her ex did everything she could to stop it from happening, but Victoria’s family violence system let her down.

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Kelly Thompson, 43, was sleeping in her Point Cook home when her former partner, Wayne Wood, stabbed her to death with a hunting knife in a murder-suicide in February 2014.

Her death was the subject of a coronial inquest in 2015 and Coroner Ian Gray delivered his findings on Thursday.

Judge Gray found Wood had been considering murder-suicide since October 2013, had always been controlling, possessive and jealous, and had no intention of complying with an intervention order Ms Thompson had taken against him.

During the inquest, the court was told a neighbour called police with concerns the night Ms Thompson was murdered, but no patrol was sent.

Ms Thompson had also called police 38 times in the weeks before her death to report breaches of the order by Wood.

Judge Gray found failings by police to properly record violent incidents and order breaches by Wood.

Police also failed to properly investigate whether charges could be laid against Wood and failed to adequately act on a call by her neighbour.

“Ms Thompson took all the right steps,” Judge Gray wrote in his findings.

“The family violence system, as it operated at the time of Mr Thompson’s death, failed to recognise that the risks were escalating.”

However, he found that despite failings in the system, it was Wood alone who was responsible for her murder and even if police had acted on the neighbour’s call, it probably would not have saved Ms Thompson.

Outside the court on Thursday, Ms Thompson’s mother Wendy hoped the findings lead to change so her daughter’s death would not be in vain.

“It should never have happened, it was preventable, like so many other women it was preventable,” she said.

Thompson family solicitor Paula Shelton said it was important that Judge Gray had found Ms Thompson had done everything she could to put an end to the violence she was being subjected to.

“She did everything she could and the system let her down,” she said.

Ms Shelton said with Judge Gray’s findings and the Victorian Royal Commission into Family Violence, there was now a political will to fix the sector.

Judge Gray made six recommendations, including that front line workers provide all family violence risk assessments to applicants, applicant legal representatives, family violence services, magistrates and police.

He also recommended better information sharing between police and courts.

Christopher Pyne rejects Abbott’s schools ‘loser’ remark

A senior Turnbull government minister has rejected Tony Abbott’s claim the coalition is “on a loser” if its schools funding plan disadvantages the Catholic sector.

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The former prime minister expects the package – labelled Gonski 2.0 – will be vigorously debated by Liberal and Nationals MPs when parliament resumes next Tuesday.

Labor has seized on coalition dissent as it ramps-up opposition to the government plan.

Watch: ‘Stare-down’ over Gonski 2.0

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“It should be junked – any proposal that takes more than $22 billion away from our schools over the coming decade will hurt Australian children,” opposition education spokeswoman Tanya Plibersek told reporters in Sydney.

After earlier casting doubt on Labor’s commitment to restore the lost funding, Ms Plibersek said the opposition would “fight until the last day” for the $22 billion.

“Judge us on our record and you will know that we will restore funding to our schools.”

Ms Plibersek confirmed Labor would support the government’s cuts to 24 wealthy schools and reduced funding for 353 other schools.

Mr Abbott waded into the debate during a visit to Mandurah Catholic College south of Perth on Thursday, telling students any move to “relatively disadvantage” independent and Catholic schools and advantage public schools was wrong.

“Knowing a little bit about politics I suspect that the government will decide that it’s on a loser if it does anything that looks like it’s disadvantaging Catholic schools,” he said.

Watch: Catholic education sector upset at cuts

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But cabinet minister Christopher Pyne insisted Catholic schools would pocket a billion dollar increase in spending over the next 10 years.

“So how anybody could feel they are losing when they are getting a billion dollars extra is beyond me,” he told Nine Network.

Acting Prime Minister Barnaby Joyce denied any coalition MPs had contacted him to express concerns about the plan, adding it was a matter for the joint party room.

The government’s package will ultimately increase federal money for schools from $17.5 billion in 2017 to $30.6 billion by 2027.

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Golf – Presidents Cup returns to Royal Melbourne in 2019

Melbourne also holds the distinction as the site of the lone International Team victory in 1998, when Peter Thomson’s squad defeated Jack Nicklaus’s U.

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S. Team 20.5 to 11.5.

In 2011, Fred Couples captained the U.S. Team to a 19-15 win over Greg Norman and the Internationals.“We’re thrilled to once again be returning to the prestigious and storied Royal Melbourne Golf Club,” PGA TOUR Commissioner Jay Monahan said in a statement.

“Our history there speaks volumes about not only the course and its ability to host world-class competitions, but also the surrounding area in Melbourne as a destination for our fans and players.

“Returning to such a storied course for this event, especially as both teams have been victorious there, is a special privilege and sets both teams up for an even playing field to break the tie.”The oldest golf club in Australia, Royal Melbourne was founded in 1891 and moved to its current location in 1926, becoming the Alister MacKenzie-designed anchor of what is now known as the Sandbelt.

The event will be played on a composite of holes from the club’s East and West courses.

“Royal Melbourne is delighted to be chosen to host the 2019 Presidents Cup,” said David Thomas, Captain of Royal Melbourne Golf Club.

“Past encounters have invariably included many fine matches, with players from both teams displaying finely honed golfing skills and exhibiting outstanding sportsmanship in a team environment.”

The 2017 Presidents Cup takes place at the Liberty National Golf Club in New Jersey from Sept 28 to Oct 1 with Steve Stricker leading the home side and Zimbabwean Nick Price captaining the tourists.

(Reporting by Larry Fine in New York; Editing by Nick Mulvenney)

Construction boosted by property in April

Conditions in the residential construction sector remain solid and engineering work has also rebounded, Ai Group says.

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The Ai Group and Housing Industry Association Performance of Construction Index (PCI) rose 0.7 points to 51.9 points in the month, from 51.2 points in March, remaining above the 50-point level indicating expansion.

Ai Group head of policy Peter Burn said house, apartment and engineering construction all expanded in April, but commercial building work declined for the sixth consecutive month.

“April saw a modest lift and more balanced performance for the Australian construction sector,” he said in a statement.

“In contrast to the previous month when house building was the only improving sub-sector, in April further – though less spectacular – growth in stand-alone residential dwellings was backed by a steep bounce in apartment building and a rebound in engineering construction.”

Housing Industry Association senior economist Harley Dale noted that house building activity expanded for a fourth consecutive month in April, while apartment building pickup for the first time since July 2016.

He said that indicated conditions in the wider housing construction sector were still solid.

“The longevity of the current home building upturn in Australia is being sustained by the environment of very low interest rates and continued gains in employment,” Mr Dale said.

“Delivering a sufficient supply of new dwelling stock over the long run is vital to Australia’s future prosperity and we look forward to positive proposals in next week’s federal budget with respect to unlocking more affordable housing solutions.”

The index showed new orders grew in April after falling to a five-month low the previous month, and deliveries lifted solidly to the strongest rate of expansion in almost two-and-a-half years.

Ai Group said pressure on builders from rising wages and input prices were continuing to be passed on through selling prices, while strong competition in tender pricing was trimming profit margins last month.

Sydney GP jailed for at least 20 years over insulin murder of wife

A Sydney GP has been jailed for at least 20 years and three months for murdering his second wife with a lethal dose of insulin.

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While Brian Kenneth Crickitt gave no visible reaction after Justice Clifton Hoeben imposed the sentence on Friday, the victim’s brother David called out “hear hear judge” while people around him clapped.

The 63-year-old GP was found guilty in December of murdering Christine Crickitt late on New Year’s Eve 2009 or early on New Year’s Day 2010.

His third wife, Julie, who supported her husband throughout his judge-alone trial, left the NSW Supreme Court complex without making any comment.

The judge had found the GP somehow tricked Christine Crickitt, who was not a diabetic, into agreeing to be injected in the buttock for health reasons.

But he used a lethal dose of fast-acting insulin after becoming fed up with his marriage and besotted with his new lover, Linda Livermore.

In sentencing him to a maximum of 27 years, Justice Hoeben referred to the breach of trust involved due to Crickitt being the victim’s husband and also her treating doctor.

“The deceased was left to die a painful death alone by someone whom she trusted to care for her,” he said.

“The offender’s motivation to murder his wife was essentially based on self-interest and what he perceived would make his life better in the future.”

The judge referred to the need for a strong element of “general deterrence” in sentencing in this case.

“The abuse of trust which characterised this offence is not be tolerated in our community,” he said.

“Medical professionals and doctors, such as the offender, who misuse the trust placed in them by those to whom they provide treatment and care by committing serious criminal acts against them, should know that they will be held accountable and will be met with heavy punishment.”

Levy rise may fund GP rebate changes

Ending the freeze on Medicare rebates for doctor visits could be paid for by raising taxes on high-income earners in next week’s federal budget.

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Labor and health advocates have put the coalition under political pressure to lift a four-year freeze on Medicare rebates for GP visits.

The government has been seeking a way to pay the estimated $1.8 billion over four years required to lift the freeze.

Westpac chief economist Bill Evans says one possibility is extending the Medicare levy surcharge to high-income earners with private health insurance.

The surcharge now only applies to those without such insurance.

The measure could raise around $4 billion over four years, which could also be used to cover other government costs in the health and welfare area.

While it is understood the coalition has considered the surcharge hike, there is also speculation the Medicare levy itself could be raised.

Equity Economics’ Angela Jackson said any lifting of the Medicare rebate freeze would be welcomed by patients and doctors.

Analysis released last year showed patients were due to be out of pocket by $5.50 per visit by 2020 if the freeze remained in place.

“This is the same as introducing a co-payment,” Ms Jackson told AAP on Friday.

“In addition to equity, the freeze is leading to a reduction in health care use which will lead to longer-term health care costs and a reduction in preventative health care like immunisations.”

The key to containing health care costs was keeping people out of hospitals, not out of the GP surgery.

The Australian Council of Social Service has long advocated removing the exemption from the Medicare levy surcharge for those holding private health insurance.

A spokesman for Health Minister Greg Hunt declined to comment ahead of the budget.

The levy surcharge starts at $90,000 income for singles without private health insurance and $180,000 for families.

It starts at one per cent of income and rises to 1.5 per cent for the highest earners on more than $140,000 as a single or more than $280,000 as a family.

The Medicare levy itself is two per cent of taxable income, but there is an exemption for the lowest income earners, seniors and pensioners.

Labor says the government must ditch all of its cuts to health care, and a partial unfreezing of the Medicare rebate won’t be enough.

“The test for Malcolm Turnbull is to not pick and choose which of his freezes and cuts to the health care system he intends to undo – he needs to undo them all,” health spokeswoman Catherine King said.

Russia, Turkey and Iran sign deal to establish Syrian safe zones

Russia, Iran and Turkey on Thursday signed an agreement on setting up four safe zones in Syria that the United Nations described as a promising step to wind down the brutal six-year war.

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The United States however gave an extremely cautious welcome, citing concerns over Iran’s role as a guarantor, even as it expressed hope that the deal could set the stage for a settlement.

Several members of the rebel delegation left the room shouting in protest as the signing ceremony got underway in the Kazakh capital Astana, angry at regime ally Iran, an AFP reporter saw. 

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The plan for the “de-escalation areas” was discussed on Tuesday by US President Donald Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin during a telephone conversation.

The agreement provides for a ceasefire, a ban on all flights, rapid deliveries of humanitarian aid to the designated areas and the return of refugees.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said he was “encouraged” by the breakthrough. He stressed it will be “crucial to see this agreement actually improve the lives of Syrians.”

Russia and Iran, which back Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s forces in the war, and Turkey, a supporter of rebel forces, hope to build on a ceasefire deal they reached in December.

The Syrian government and rebel delegations are not signatories to the deal. 

“We are not supporting this agreement. It is an agreement between the three countries,” said Usama Abu Zeid, a rebel spokesman. “We do not at all agree that Iran… is a guarantor of this accord.”

Watch: Trump vows to strike Middle East peace deal

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‘Promising’ step

UN envoy Staffan de Mistura, who was in Astana as an observer, described the agreement as “an important, promising, positive step in the right direction” toward de-escalation.

A working group will be set up within two weeks to resolve technical issues and the three countries agreed to set up the four areas by June 4.

The areas include key territory held by anti-Assad forces.

The first zone includes the whole of Idlib province along with certain parts of neighboring Latakia, Aleppo and Hama provinces. 

The second will encompass certain parts in the north of Homs province, and the third will be comprised of some areas of Eastern Ghouta, outside of Damascus. 

The fourth zone will include parts of the Deraa and Quneitra provinces in southern Syria, according to the memorandum seen by AFP.

Watch: Trump and Putin speak on Syria 

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US doubts about Iran

The UN envoy said the deal would be quickly put to the test and that success on the ground could pave the way to a new round of political talks in Geneva later this month.

“There will be a period not longer than two weeks in which all this will be seriously put to the test and we want that test to succeed,” he said.

In Washington, the State Department, which had dispatched an observer to the talks, said it appreciated Russian and Turkish efforts but called into doubt Iran’s role.

“We continue to have concerns about the Astana agreement, including the involvement of Iran as a so-called ‘guarantor’,” State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert said.

“Iran’s activities in Syria have only contributed to the violence, not stopped it, and Iran’s unquestioning support for the Assad regime has perpetuated the misery of ordinary Syrians.”

“We nonetheless hope that this arrangement can contribute to a de-escalation of violence, end the suffering of the Syrian people, and set the stage for a political settlement of the conflict,” she said. 

Watch: Battle against IS rages in Mosul 

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What monitoring?

Russia’s envoy, Alexander Lavrentiev, said the zones would remain in place for six months, a period that could be extended. 

It remained unclear whether there would be any international monitoring of the safe zones.

Guterres said the United Nations will support de-escalation efforts, but he did not specify whether it would have a role in the new set-up.

Putin said Wednesday that ways to monitor the zones would be an issue for separate talks. 

Lavrentiev said Moscow was ready to send observers to the zones. 

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said in comments published Thursday that the plan would solve “50 percent” of the six-year conflict.

Damascus supports the Russian plan, Syrian state news agency SANA reported. 

Syrian rebels said earlier Thursday that they had resumed participation in the talks after having suspended their involvement a day earlier over air strikes against civilians. 

More than 320,000 people have been killed in Syria since the country’s war began with anti-government protests in March 2011. 

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Delta Airlines apologises after family kicked off overbooked flight

In yet another incident that could prove a public relations nightmare for the US airline industry, a California couple is claiming they were kicked off an overbooked Delta flight for refusing to give up their child’s seat.

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The incident unfolded last week as the Schear family of Huntington Beach were flying home from Hawaii to Los Angeles.

In a video of the April 23 confrontation filmed and posted by the couple on YouTube, a flight attendant is overheard asking that they give up a seat occupied by their two-year-old son.

The father, Brian Schear, initially refuses on grounds the seat was paid for but finally relents. He is nonetheless booted off the flight with his wife and two toddlers.

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“This is a federal offense and then you and your wife will be in jail and your kids will be in foster care,” a crew member is overheard telling Schear when he first refuses to disembark.

Delta airlines said in a statement to AFP on Thursday that the company was “sorry for the unfortunate experience” and had reached out to the family to refund their travel and offer compensation.

“Delta’s goal is to always work with customers in an attempt to find solutions to their travel issues,” the statement adds. “That did not happen in this case and we apologize.”

Brian Schear said the family had to scramble to find a hotel room after being kicked off the airplane and paid $2,000 the next day for another flight, this time on United Airlines.

“We never thought it was going to get to the point where they were actually getting us all off the flight,” he told the local CBS television station. 

“As we were leaving the plane, there’s four or five passengers waiting for our seat. The bottom line is, they oversold the flight.”

– Public relations nightmare –

Schear said the seat he was asked to give up had originally been bought for his 18-year-old son Mason, who ended up going home on an earlier flight so the younger child could use it.

“Sir, Mason is not here, so Mason is the one that owns the seat,” a crew member is overheard telling him on the video.

The Delta crew also tries to coax Schear into giving up the seat by telling him that under federal regulations, two-year-old children must sit on an adult’s lap during a flight.

Schear fired back that that argument did not hold up given that the toddler flew out in a separate seat on the way to Hawaii and was doing the same on the way back.

Delta’s website encourages parents to purchase a separate seat for children as does the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).

“We want you and your children to have the safest, most comfortable flight possible,” the airline’s website states. “For kids under the age of two, we recommend you purchase a seat on the aircraft and use an approved child safety seat.”

The video of the California family’s mishap, which was being widely shared on social media Thursday, follows a number of other incidents that have prompted outrage and proven a public relations fiasco for some of the airlines involved.

The most notable was that of a doctor who was left bloodied after being dragged off an overbooked United Airlines flight last month in Chicago.

Several days later, a Delta passenger was forced off a flight for making an emergency bathroom run while the plane was waiting for take off.

United also made headlines last month after a giant rabbit being flown from Britain to Chicago died while in its care.

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Countries condemn Venezuelan govt violence

Eight Latin American nations have denounced Venezuelan authorities’ “excessive use of force” against civilian protesters after the death toll from anti-government unrest in Venezuela rose to 36.

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Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and Paraguay condemned the increase in violence in the oil-producing nation and urged the Venezuelan government to respect human rights of its citizens.

“We condemn the excessive use of force by Venezuelan authorities against civilians who are protesting government measures that affect democratic stability and cause the loss of human life,” they said in a statement from the Mexican government.

The statement comes as a mass of students battled tear gas-throwing police officers in demonstrations across Venezuela’s capital as the two-month-old protest movement showed no signs of letting up.

“We are students, not terrorists!” students chanted as they marched in Caracas on Thursday.

Soldiers bathed hundreds of protesters in tear gas at the Central University of Venezuela, with medics in gas masks attending to students with bloodied faces and limbs.

A 38-year-old police officer died in central state of Carabobo after being shot during a Wednesday protest that had hundreds of thousands of people on the street nationwide, authorities said.

Opposition leaders said 30 were injured in Thursday’s student demonstrations. Overall, more than 1000 have been arrested.

Protesters are demanding immediate presidential elections.

President Nicolas Maduro accused the opposition of attempting a coup and has responded with an initiative to rewrite the constitution.

Venezuelans were also shaken on Thursday after rumours about the health of jailed opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez.

President Nicolas Maduro’s leftist government, facing a wave of major opposition protests since last month, later issued a short “proof of life” video in which Lopez said he was fine.

Meningococcal a disease of the young

WHAT IS MENINGOCOCCAL DISEASE?

* Meningococcal disease is an acute bacterial infection that causes septicaemia (blood poisoning) and/or meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord)

* It is a medical emergency that can kill within hours if not recognised and treated promptly

* 10 per cent of patients die and around 20 per cent will have permanent disabilities – ranging from sight and hearing problems and loss of fingers or toes

WHO’S AT RISK?

* Babies, children and young adults are most at risk

* Two thirds of cases are children up to the age of 5 years due to their immature immune systems

* Teenagers and young adults from 15 to 24 years are also at higher risk because of their social lifestyles

* Winter and early spring are higher risk times

HOW IS IT SPREAD?

* Meningococcal bacteria is transmitted through mucus via sneezing, coughing, kissing and sharing of food or drinks

* About 20 per cent of people will be carrying these bacteria at any one time without ever becoming ill

* Daycare centres, school camps, parties and nightclubs make it easier for the bacteria to spread

WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS?

* A high fever is usually one of the symptoms, and people are advised not to wait for a purple rash to appear before seeking treatment

* Babies will refuse to feed, cry, become floppy and can arch their body or neck

Common symptoms include:

* Fever (which may not go down with medication)

* Nausea or vomiting

* Lack of energy, tiredness or drowsiness

* Confusion or disorientation

* Dizziness

* Irritability or agitation

* Sore throat

Meningitis Only Symptoms:

* Severe headache

* Stiff neck

* Sensitivity to light

* A rash

Septicaemia Only Symptoms:

* Fever with cold hands and feet

* Muscle or joint pain

* Pain in chest or abdomen

* Pale, grey or blotchy skin

* Rapid breathing

* Diarrhoea

* Rash may start off as a spot, scratch mark or blister

(Source: 长沙夜网,长沙桑拿,

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meningococcal长沙楼凤,长沙夜网,)

Accusations fly as French run-off looms

Allegations of fake news and hacking attempts are dominating the end of France’s tense presidential campaign, as centrist Emmanuel Macron and far-right rival Marine Le Pen try to win over voters before Sunday’s run-off.

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Paris prosecutors launched a preliminary investigation on Thursday into whether fake news was being used to influence the voting, as frontrunner Macron and populist Le Pen held their last big campaign events.

There has been intense anxiety in France over the possibility viral misinformation or hackers could influence the vote, as in the 2016 US presidential election.

Those fears have largely failed to materialise.

Then Thursday, Macron’s campaign filed suit against unknown source “X” after Le Pen suggested during their debate on Wednesday that the former banker could have an offshore account.

“I hope we won’t find out you have an offshore account in the Bahamas,” Le Pen said.

She appeared to be referring to two sets of apparent forgeries, published just hours before the TV debate, purporting to show Macron was involved with a Caribbean bank and a firm based on the island of Nevis.

On France Inter radio, Macron blamed Le Pen for spreading “fake news” and said he had never held a bank account “in any tax haven whatsoever”.

In a subsequent twist, Le Pen’s campaign said a far-left hacker was arrested this week and confessed to repeatedly targeting its website.

Le Pen gave a fiery speech in a field in northern France on Thursday, with an emotional appeal to desperate farmers, the jobless and the disillusioned.

Painting herself as the “voice of the people”, she said her rival would continue the painful status quo.

“Don’t let them steal the election,” she warned, summoning voters to join Sunday’s “rendez-vous with history”.

Macron, meanwhile, was on France’s southern edge in the Pyrenees town of Albi, visiting disgruntled factory workers before holding his last rally in which he called on voters from the left and the right to choose his reformist, pro-European platform.